[Pkg-sysvinit-devel] Bug#675175: more notes, from installing systemd-196

james at nurealm.net james at nurealm.net
Thu Dec 13 03:28:19 UTC 2012

It seems that the link to systemd at /sbin/init must be re-written, or the
boot will hang when init is suppose to start.

 sudo ln -sf /usr/lib/systemd/systemd /sbin/init

Perhaps this has to do with the otherwise chain-of-links, from /lib/systemd to
/usr/lib/systemd?  To get by the boot-hang, "init=/usr/lib/systemd/systemd"
can be added to the kernel command line, and then change the link in /sbin/.

Other errors that have shown-up, reading from "journalctl",

 systemd[242]: Failed at step EXEC spawning /lib/systemd/systemd-remount-api-vfs: No such file or directory

 systemd-udevd[273]: Error running install command for snd_pcm

 systemd-tmpfiles[1747]: [/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/legacy.conf:22] Unknown group 'lock'.
 systemd[1]: Failed to start Recreate Volatile Files and Directories.

 jasper minissdpd[561]: /lib/init/vars.sh: line 49: cat: command not found
 jasper minissdpd[561]: /etc/init.d/minissdpd: line 55: start-stop-daemon: command not found

 gpm[629]: Starting mouse interface server: gpm/etc/init.d/gpm: 69: /etc/init.d/gpm: start-stop-daemon: not found

 smokeping[792]: Starting latency logger daemon: smokeping/etc/init.d/smokeping: 108: /etc/init.d/smokeping: mkdir: not found

 sysfsutils[957]: Setting sysfs variables.../etc/init.d/sysfsutils: 30: /etc/init.d/sysfsutils: sed: not found

 systemd[1]: Failed to start LSB: exim Mail Transport Agent.

 systemd[1]: Failed to start Cleanup of Temporary Directories.

"systemd/system/systemd-remount-api-vfs.service" makes reference to the nonexistent
"systemd/systemd-remount-api-vfs", so I assume that that is obsolete, and the
link also, "system/local-fs.target.wants/systemd-remount-api-vfs.service".

There is a reference in "/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/legacy.conf" to a group "lock", a
group which does not exist on a non-legacy system.  It appears that this is
enough for "Recreate Volatile..." to fail.  Is that not a systemd bug?  I
commented-out the line referencing group "lock".

If there are real files in /tmp/, over which the tmpfs gets mounted, these
should be removed, or there will be a warning message.

Many systemd services will fail because systemd will now re-set the PATH variable
to "/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin" - which conspicuously
leaves off "/bin" and "/sbin" - UNLESS the "--enable-split-usr" is explicitly
selected when running "configure".

 ./configure --enable-split-usr --bindir=/bin --sysconfdir=/etc --with-distro=debian

This is in systemd-196/src/core/main.c


It seems kind of silly, to me, and it causes problems, but there it is.  After
a recompile and re-install - remembering to modify
"/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/legacy.conf" again - these other problems all go away.

Then, there are many files in /sbin, such as "shutdown" and "halt", which are
linked to "/bin/systemctl".  But now, "systemctl" is only in /usr/bin.  So,

 sudo ln -s /usr/bin/systemctl /bin/systemctl

These will all have to be re-linked eventually.

Other problems - it seems that, for instance, "named" tries to access the
internet before the network interface has come up, and just throws a lot of
error messages until that happens.  There is no native bind9.service file, and
the process is configured from /etc/init.d/bind9 for now.

systemd-196 seems to be running cleanly now, with no errors or warnings in the


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